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Replay available HERE

On Thursday 14th April, we will hold our monthly casual French Lab meeting referred to as the ‘AfterLab’ with Claude Guet,visiting Professor at the School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences at the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore and Programme Director for Research & Students at the Energy Research Institute at NTU (ERIAN).

He was Senior Advisor to the CEO of CEA (French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission) up to January 2019. During his career at CEA, he had been (as time goes backward) Director of Nuclear Education and Training, Chief of Staff of the High Commissioner for Atomic Energy, Chief of Science of the Military Nuclear Applications Division, Head of the Department of Theoretical Physics of this Division, Head of the Atomic Physics Laboratory of the Physical Science Division.

Holding a Doctorat d’Etat from University Joseph Fourier in Grenoble, he conducted his research activities at CEA, Institute Laue Langevin, Institute of Theoretical Physics at Regensburg, the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Institute for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics at Harvard, Yukawa Institute of Theoretical Physics at Kyoto, etc.

His main research achievements include theoretical and experimental contributions to nuclear physics, atomic and plasma physics, and nanophysics. His research leading thread has been quantum many body physics and semiclassical approximations. He is the author or co-author of more than 115 peer-reviewed papers with more than 7000 citations and an H-index of 42.

Claude Guet has worked closely with IAEA on nuclear knowledge management, setting up recommendations and guidelines for nuclear curricula, and assessing nuclear education and training programmes in numerous countries.Additionally, he is a knight in the French “Ordre de la Légion d’Honneur” and in the “Ordre des Palmes Académiques”.

To find out what Claude will cover during this AfterLab, please take a look at his abstract below:

“Fusion for Clean Energy in on the Horizon”

Climate change requires massive efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and progressively ban fossil fuel burning.  Paradoxically, the need for electricity is expected to grow substantially. Renewable energy increasingly contributes to carbon-free electricity production; however because of intermittency and limited storage technologies a carbon-free baseload is highly desirable. Nuclear fusion, a safe and potentially unlimited energy source, could provide the solution earlier than initially thought.

Whereas nuclear  fusion science and technology was primarily studied in the framework of large research institutions with governmental funding, private ventures and financial investors are entering the game. The private sector promises efficient technology transfer from fundamental science to the marketplace over the next twenty years or so. Temasek Holdings has invested US$65M in General Fusion in Vancouver, Canada, one of the five principal companies active in the field.

Parallel to its investment in General Fusion, Temasek has awarded NTU a Fusion Chair Professorship which focuses on “Theoretical and Computational Plasma physics”, supported by an endowment of S$6 million. The objective of the Chair professorship is the first step to build competencies and skills that will allow Singapore to keep abreast with ongoing progress in fusion science and technology and possibly be ready to participate in the development of some specific demonstrator. NTU and a strong joint research programme with CEA will be at the forefront of this mission.

Nuclear fusion is  the process that fuels the Sun and stars. A quasi similar process can be replicated on Earth to provide potentially inexhaustible, carbon-free electrical power generation as a sustainable baseload. The basic reaction for nuclear fusion to happen is the collision of two isotopes of hydrogen, viz. deuterium and tritium. For a fusion reaction to occur, a temperature above 100 million °C must be reached. At such a temperature the particles form a plasma, the fourth state of matter. Two strategies have been pursued to produce plasmas for fusion energy: magnetic confinement and inertial confinement. Magnetic confinement has emerged as the preferred route for energy production, thus far. Tokamaks and their variants are widely considered to be the most promising design. ITER is set to become the world’s largest magnetic fusion facility.

In this conference, he shall introduce the basics of nuclear fusion, a layman view of the complex behaviour of magnetized plasma at a temperature of about 150 million C surrounded by cold walls, the past achievements, the present efforts and the ITER project, and the prospects for future production of electricity.

Members and non-members feel free to join us !